Pan-Africanism: Pride in African heritage began after World War I. The idea that all people of African heritage should be treated with equal respect and be given the same opportunity for sovereignty. After World War II, this led to the moment known as Decolonization. The process was long, slow and troublesome. africa-independence-map.gif

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Kwame Nkurmah
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Jomo Kenyatta
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Mobutu Sese Seeko
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Rwanda Conflict


Analyze the successes and trials of each of these African lands that experienced decolonization. What are the common traits? What are the major differences? What caused the problems?

Pan Arabism

Similar to the discussion above, Arab peoples sought to gain sovereignty over their lands as well. There were many differences based on culture, resources and results.
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What does this mean about Pan-Arabism?
Starting in 2010, The ARAB SPRING movement began, and has created a new version of Arab unification, and has in most recent times, led to the emergence of the radical nationalist group ISIS

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Ethnic Cleansing In The Balkans

In the 1990s the Balkans experienced a great deal of nationalist conflict that centered around the multiple ethnicities that existed there. This led to major conflicts with heavy casualties and ultimately new nations created.
It all starts with examining the Ethnic makeup of the area:

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For the last 600 years, this area has had a multitude of rulers that led to the diversity here and had to rule with authoritarian power. In 1992, that all changed with the fall of Communism.

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Serbian President Slobodan Milosovic
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Serbian Military Leader Ratko Mladić